Chiba, known in Japan as Shinichi Chiba, died in a hospital near Tokyo where he had been treated for Covid-19 since August 8.
His management office confirmed the news of his death in a statement, also saying that he had not been vaccinated.
Chiba rose to stardom in Japan in the 1960s, portraying samurai, fighters and police detectives, the anguished so-called “anti-heroes” trying to survive in a violent world.
He did many of the stunt scenes himself.
Years later, his overseas career took off after his 1970s Japanese film The Street Fighter proved popular in the US.
American director Quentin Tarantino listed the work as among his “grindhouse”, or low-budget kitsch cinema, favourites.
Tarantino cast Chiba in the role of Hattori Hanzo, a master swordsmith in Kill Bill.
Chiba appeared in the 1991 Hollywood film Aces, directed by John Glen, as well as in Hong Kong movies.
Chiba’s career also got a boost from the global boom in kung fu films, set off by Chinese legend Bruce Lee, although critics noted a marked difference between the two performers’ fighting styles.
Born in Fukuoka, southwestern Japan, Chiba studied at Nippon Sport Science University and trained in various martial arts, earning a fourth-degree black belt in karate.
Chiba set up Japan Action Club in 1980 to develop a younger generation of actors, including protege Hiroyuki Sanada, who is among Hollywood’s most coveted Japanese actors, landing roles in The Last Samurai and Rush Hour 3.
Chiba is survived by his three children, Juri Manase, Mackenyu Arata and Gordon Maeda, all actors.